Τρίτη, 13 Ιουλίου 2010

Reformation satire against Roman Catholic Church

During Reformation, there is a great production of engravings, paintings and texts with offensive and disturbing content against cleric authorities. Many of them depicted Pope and monks dealing with the devil or being devils themselves, others have scatological content: In general monks were fecal excrements of the devil!

I am the Pope!
(from handbill by Reformers)


κατά τη διάρκεια της Μεταρρύθμισης, τυπώθηκαν και ζωγραφίστηκαν πολλές απεικονίσεις σατιρικές ή προσβλητικές για τον Πάπα και τα μοναχικά τάγματα, απεικονίζοντας τους είτε να συνδιαλέγονται με το διάβολο, είτε να είναι οι ίδιοι ο διάβολος, είτε με σκατολογικό περιεχόμενο, οι μοναχοί να αποτελούν τα προϊόντα εκκένωσης του εντέρου του διαβόλου!!


"The Donkey Pope of Rome" by Melachthon
(in German is a trick with words)



Hell as a beast devours monks and Pope


Three headed caricature of Pope


Devil as a monk devours people making them human excrements


A rotting head of a dead monk
Composite rotting head of a monk representing an allegory of iconoclasm
The head emerges from a rocky outcropping, infested with little figures who swarm over it; a diabolical mass is being conducted inside the gaping mouth, and on the pate sits a figure of the pope enthroned beneath a canopy with indulgences pinned up on the staves; various rituals and processions take place and are labelled with letters; in the foreground Protestant iconoclasts are clearing up bits of altarpieces, religious sculptures, sundry vanities and other church paraphernalia and tipping them into a fire. (flickr)
Etching Attributed to Marcus Gheeraerts I, Netherland, 1560-1570.

The clergy feasting in the jaws of a devil
The demon seated, turned to left on a papal bull, its left foot in a vessel for Holy Water, and holding a collection box in its right hand. Smaller demons preparing food on its head, flying creatures approaching with the pope and a canon.
Woodcut Attributed to Matthias Gerung,Germany, 1520-1560 (flickr)

Devil shits monks as excrements


Devil walks Pope to Hell
Francis Barlow, England, 1680



Devil controls a monk
with a very clever metaphorical depiction


Anonymous, England, 1689


Drawing and coins with two faced
Pope/Devil (if upturned)
and monk/fool (if upturned)

2 σχόλια:

  1. Τέλειο! Ειδικά αυτό με τα... χμ, περιττώματα του διαβόλου!

    ΑπάντησηΔιαγραφή
  2. ο λόγος των μεταρυθμιστών ήταν πολύ σκατολογικός, ειδικά του Λούθηρου. Αλλά τρίχες αντίσταση κάναν. Συχνά ήταν χειρότεροι όπου επικράτησαν, ειδικά οι Καλβινιστές, θυμίζοντας Ταλιμπάν στις ακρότητές τους

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