Τετάρτη, 6 Οκτωβρίου 2010

Flagellation part 2: purification through self-torment, the flagellants

Flagellants are practitioners of an extreme form of mortification of their own flesh by whipping it with various instruments.

"A procession of flagellants"
by Francisco Goya
(1812-1814)

Various religions, like the cult of Isis in Egypt and the Dionysian cult of Greece, practiced their own forms of flagellation. Women were flogged during the Roman Lupercalia to ensure fertility.

Pieter van Laer (1635)

Flagellantism was a 13th century and 14th century movement, consisting of radicals in the Catholic Church. The followers were noted for including public flagellation in their rituals.

Flagellants in Islam

Movements of flagellants did not have a central doctrine or overall leaders. A popular passion of self-flagellation occurred all over Europe in separate outbreaks. The first recorded incident was in Perugia in 1259, the year after severe crop damage and famine throughout Europe. Other notable incidents are recorded at the time of the Black Death (1349), and 1399.

The flagellants at Doornik (Tournai) in 1349

There are some marginal self-flagellation practices in Catholic Christianity, and Taoism today and are quite widespread in Siitic Islam. (Wikipedia)

Nuremberg Chronicle, by Hartmann Schedel (1440-1514)

There is a view that flagellants experience altered states of mind because of the endorphins that are released during extreme pain, a view that gives also an explanation to sadomazochism. But in general is a practice of self-punishment and purification from the flesh desires.



2 σχόλια:

  1. Μου θυμίζει πολύ από την ταινία Ιλουμινάτι, το τάγμα που αυτοτιμωρούνταν με αυτό τον τρόπο για εξαγνισμό από τις αμαρτίες....
    Καλησπέρες!!!!

    ΑπάντησηΔιαγραφή
  2. στο όνομα του ρόδου επισης και στον Κώδικα Νταβίντσι

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